Dr. Har Gobind Khorana, recipient of Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology along with Marshall Nirenberg and Robert Holley for
cracking the genetic code, is a person with an unmatched perseverance and uncommon vision existent among scientists of this golden
Dr.khorana and his team had established that the mother of all codes, the biological language common to all living organisms, is
spelled out in three-letter words:each set of three nucleotides codes for a specific amino acid, in their Nobel lecture delivered
on December 12,1968. Dr.Khorana was also the first to synthesize oligonucleotides, that is, strings of nucleotides. These custom
designed pieces of artificial genes are widely used in biology labs for sequencing, cloning and engineering new plants and
animals.Dr.khorana's invention of oligonucleotides has become indispensable tools in biotechnology. This invention of DrKhorana
has become mechanized and commercialize that anyone now can order the synthetic genes just he needs to fax the genetic sequence.
Dr.Khorana , born in Raipur, in Punjab, India in 1922, received his B.Sc and M.Sc degrees from the Punjab University in Lahore
(in present day Pakistan) and his Ph.D. from the University of Liverpool, where he went in 1945 on a Government of India Fellowship.
Dr. Khorana did his Post Doctoral fellowship in Zurich for period of 1948-49. He spent two years at Cambridge and his interests in
proteins and nucleic acids took root that time. In 1952 he went to the University of British Columbia, Vancouver and in 1960 moved
to the University of Wisconsin. He became the Alfred Sloan Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology where he continues to work.
Dr. Khorana current research areas include Structure-Function in Rhodopsin and Protein-Protein Interactions in Amplification and
Adaptation among other topics. Dr. Khorana is the one of the Scientists who do not rest on his oars, he continues to work as an
Emeritus and Senior Lecturer at University of Liverpool.